Category Archives: GRE Prep

Word list

1. Specious representation of novelty

2. Puffed up with conceit

3. too copious in talking of my country

4. The Darwinian corpus

5. Sporadic rainfall

6. His brazen admission that he was doing wrong

7. Financial predicament

8. They had found no evidence to corroborate the threat

9. declined to expound on his decision

10. is in a state of flux.

11. Confessions extracted under duress

12. Issue has proved to be highly emotive

13. Foray against (raid), foray into (attempt) (My first foray into journalism)

14. Her veneer of politeness began to crack

16. Mordant sense of humour

17. The country was in turmoil

18. Dismissive of the need to control local spending

19. Ominous dark clouds

20. Lurid details of massacre

21. This doesn’t half get my dander up

22. The growing estrangement of Police from other communities

23. Lax in security

24. Book is a riveting account of freedom fighters

25. Journalists have considerable latitude to criticize anyone

26. Insatiable hunger

27. Seminal work on chaos theory

28. Danced with abandon



Pow wow


Hurly burly


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Argument Essay (Final)

The memo presented by advertising director of Super Screen Movie Production company is clearly based on many unwarranted assumptions. Primarily, the memo is based on a survey whose authenticity is questionable, which altogether renders the memo invalid.

Unless the presented report is fully representative, reliable and valid, it cannot be used to back the director’s argument.The report states that even though fewer people have attended the movie shows yet the percentage of positive review have gone up. The statement begs the question that how many of the few viewers were interviewed? What if the report is based on interview conducted on handful of audiences who have a predilection towards movies and they tend to praise which ever movie they see? The interview has to be conducted on a large scale covering nearly all the audiences, only then can it generalize the conclusion of surge in positive reviews.

Even if the report is valid the director also needs to confirm the actual cause of waning number of audience. While public’s lack of awareness appears to be a compelling reason yet the director has to present a reasonable answer to the question as to what may be other reason, apart from the aforementioned, for the decrease. What if the movies are being released in theatres which are not in a very good condition? What if there is only one genre of the movies, say horror, are being produced by the company and which attract only a small portion of public, whereas large portion do not have that taste? Unless the director ascertain the actual cause of decrease in number of audience he cannot jump to conclusion of allocating a greater share of budget to advertising.

Finally, the director clearly assumes that they are lacking in advertising and are unable to reach the public. He has to first ascertain the level of advertising campaigns that are being conducted by the production company and how much portion of the public are they reaching. Clearly, allocating more budget to advertising will not help to increase the number of viewers if they easily reach to every individual.

Hence, the memo that director has presented needs aforementioned questions to be answered which may help to ascertain the validity of the proposed action, or may also help in figuring out another action which may help in increasing the audiences.

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Issue Essay (Final)

Present and future prosperity largely depends on the able leadership of a nation or an organization. Be it the leaders in government, industry or anyother area, they all have a reponsibility to augment condition of nation or organization. This mindset of constantly progressing instills only when there is a sense of “constructive” competition  amongst them. Hence, the best way to prepare young to become able leaders, society has to instill a sense of competition and not merely co-operation.

Fundamental aim of leaders is to let their organization or nation progress. This progress can only be achieved when there is a sense of competition amongst them. Leaders of ruling party and opposition, for example, cannot build a nation only by co-operation. There has to be a sense of competition that lets one leader to have an incentive to work better than what oppostion might have worked in past. Of course, for passing important bills and making amendments in constitution there has to be a level of co-operation amongst the parties but will that alone be sufficient for overall progress? Old ideas give way to new ones, new politics and new contributions only when there exist constructive conflicts and competition amongst parties in a nation

While the idea of having competition is quite fascinating, yet a reasonable answer has to be provided to the question as to what if the competition amongst parties is not complimented with even a modicum of co-operation? This may give way to “destructive competition” and will prove to be detrimental to the nation or organization’s progress. For example, Fuherer, German dictator named Hitler, was a leader with a great sense of competition but what he lacked was a little sense of co-operation. No doubt that he was a great leader but the competition which he held turned out to be destructive. Hence, although the sense of competition is quite necessary for leaders to thrive, a modicum of co-operation is needed to prevent the competition turn out to be destructive.

Hence, a sense competition is necessary to be instilled in young leaders. With a modicum of co-operation the competition the becomes “constructive” and works even more towards the betterment of the nation or organization.

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Re-write: Issue Essay (8)

Many people contend that corporations primarily work to gain profits and supervising their work is a task to be performed by a third-party. At first blush it seems logical, however, a closer look reveals that corporations should consider well-being of society and environment they work in while also keeping “making profits” as their motive.

With the advancement of age, ambitions of people have largely surged. Time has come when employees have started considering corporations, they work in, as their second home. With such huge expectations it is has become responsibility of corporations to consider the well-being of its employees. Being completely engrossed in making profits and overlooking the condition of employees might prove detrimental for corporations. Slowly and gradually, due to societal problems and other personal concerns, employees might lose their interest in work and find substitute ways of earnings. This will make corporations lose their well-trained work force and hence thwart the very motive of earning more and making profits.

Corporations are not far secluded from the environment they work in. The accumulation of industrial waste might cause environmental hazards which might prove not only for others but also for the corporations by providing them an inimical climate to work in. For example, a polluted environment might not allow families to live in nearby areas of a corporation, hence, depriving the corporations of officials who live in the vicinity.

In order to make profits corporations must also ensure overall economic prosperity of consumers. This is especially true for corporations which target upper and middle class consumers. If a corporation tries to bring people up and increase the overall economic well being of society, they may find that more and more people can afford their goods. This addition of new pool of consumers will generate huge new profits for the corporation. Hence, it is important for corporations to think long term.

Hence, corporations should not fulfil their primary motive of making profits at the expense of society and environment. Taking care of society and environment will, in turn, prove beneficial for corporations.

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Argument Essay (8) (ETS – 2)

The memorandum presented by the owner of Movies Galore is wrong for many reasons. Primarily, the memorandum is based on some unwarranted assumptions rendering the main conclusion, that to increase profits stores must compromise with their timings and stock, invalid. Hence, before coming to such conlusion and aiming to increase the profits, the owner has to answer certain questions.

The owner assumes that what happened correct in the store at downtown Marston will also hold true for other stores. However, he clearly overlooks that there may be difference in the conditions elsewhere. He presents the fact that on decreasing the closing time of the store in downtown Marston, from 9 to 6 in evening, the operating expenses went down. But what if at other places people find time only after 6 and go out for renting videos and the business time of other stores are high during that period? The citizens of downtown might not be interested in buying videos from 6 to 9 but this might not necessarily hold true for other places as well. Hence, the question stated will need to be answered before any such action is taken.

The question above also holds true for another assumption the owner makes. He states that reducing the stock by eliminating all videos of movies released more than five years ago also helped in increasing the profit. However, he clearly overlooks a question that what if the videos of old movies have good demand in other stores and, in fact, they are the new movies which do not interest people in those areas? This entirely depends on the interest of people which varies from place to place. Hence, this will require a survey to be conducted at all places, in order to know what interests people in particular areas.

The owner must also ascertain the reason of decline in profits instead of just applying “hit and try” methods at different locations to improve them. There may be reasons like, reduced quality of videos they provide or increased competition from other stores, which clearly cannot be prevented by the measures that owner is about to take as per memorandum.

Hence, if actions stated by the owner are implemented without answering the aforementioned questions, might exacerbate the issue instead of ameliorating it.

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Issue Essay (8) (ETS – 2)

With the advancement of age, ambitions of people have largely surged. Time has come when employees have started considering corporations, they work in, as their second home. With such huge expectations it is apt for organizations to keep their motive as increasing the profits and earning huge amounts of money, given they operate within law, however, it is equally important for them to aggrandize the well-being of society and environment in which they operate.

Corporations are not far secluded from the society and environment they work in. The employees, it owns, come from the same society. Let us assume that corporations only run after money overlooking the condition of its employees. Slowly and gradually, due to societal problems and other personal concerns, employees will loose their interest in work. This will thwart the corporation’s very motive of earning more and more money. Hence, it becomes important for coporations to improve the well-being of its employees and society as a whole. Same can be contended for environment. What if, the environment, due to the industrial waste and accumulation of other waste products, becomes inimical for work? This will do nothing but ultimately hit the corporation itself. It will force corporation to settle at someother place and will consume more money in infrastructure development. To prevent this situation, the corporations must look after the environment they work in. This will not only help them survive but also will espouse them to reach their primary motive.

We can also argue that corporation’s attitude of only running after money will only help the individual and not nation as a whole. To grow the nation, coporations need to regulate a part of the flow of their profit towards the nations development. This is important because a developed nation will open before them a larger area and provide with better opportunities. What if the nation doesn’t have enough colleges and schools to educate the masses? This will cause a dearth of the good working proffessionals.

Hence, it is fine to keep earning more money as a motive but corporations should consider well-being of environment, individuals and society as a whole as its responsibility in order to achieve the very motive.

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Argument Essay (7) (PowerPrep test)

The memorandum given by the business manager is lacking of a lot of evidences. This paucity of evidences is clearly rendering it weak.

First, we need more information on the type of complaints that are being laudged by the viewers. Is it on the amount of time the station devotes to weather reports or is it something else. What if, the reports are not being presented in the native language and the veiwers, consequently, are not satisfied by it, and hence, launching the complaints. Due to this, even if the time of weather and local news is restored to the former level, the complaints might not ebb.

Second, no reason has been cited for cancellation of advertising contracts. There may be several other reasons for this apart from the decreased time of weather and local news. Waning economy, competition from other stations might be one of such reasons. Hence, restoring the time of weather news and local news might not promise new advertising contracts.

Third, the quality of news that is being delivered must also be researched. The quality not only includes the language but also the type of national news they broadcast. What if, they have started broadcasting more of news on film industry when there’s an election campaign going on and people are more intersted to watch opinion polls. A decreased quality of news over the year might also be a good reason for increased viewer complaints and increased cancellation of advertisement contracts. Hence, the manager should also conduct a quality check in the station and provide that as evidence to strenghthen the memorandum.

Therefore, aforementioned evidences might weaken or strengthen the memorandum based on the information we elicit from them. The memorandum will become quite strengthened if compaints from viewers turn out to be regarding decreased time of weather report and local news and if cancellation of advertisements is due to the increased complaints and decreased viewers. But as of now, the memorandum clearly lacks evidences.

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