Monthly Archives: July 2014

TOEFL – Q2 (7)

Many people contend that young people enjoy more than older people. According to them, when people are in their mid age, they are young and virile enough to travel to places and do anything they wish for, which in turn makes them enjoy their life. However, they tend to overlook two important things – money and time, which is abundant to people when they are old and allow them to do whatever they wish for.

Most young people, particularly in their twenties, start their job and start to earn money. Hence, they do not have much money to squander when it comes to enjoying life, which they mostly do by indulging in adventurous activities or travelling. Moreover, people also start saving early in order to have anough capital to attend to their responsibilities for example, buying a house, providing education to their young ones, etc. However, this is not a case with old people who have good enough capital to squander in whichever activity they would love to do. For example, spending money in getting their book published which they have always wanted to, or getting a house near a beach facing the sea and spending the time there, etc. Hence, surplus amount of money is a factor which gives an edge to older people in this case.

Second, now-a-days, jobs require people to devote most of their time at office. Most jobs require people to be at office for five out of seven days of the week. Some of the jobs require even six days. Hence, clearly, young people only get time during weekends to perform activities they like. And if they enjoy life trarvelling, they have to wait for months to take long vacations, in order to travel to far off places. However, this is not a case for old people who have taken a retirement from their job. They have got enough time for any activity they wish to undertake. They usually have surplus money, as mentioned in the previous paragraph, as well as time to travel to far off places.

However, point of health issues in older people still holds valid. Young people are not prone to health issues due to which they can afford to undertake any adventurous venture. However, enjoying life is not only limited to experiencing adventure. A person enjoys his life when he gets to do whatever he feels like. For instance, who in his old age would like to perform a bungee jumping? It is not just because they can’t do it but craze for adventure slowly fades away with the age. In old age, people like to spend time with the young ones of the family or spending time conversing with old friends or even writing autobiographies. Hence, clearly they do enjoy life in their own terms.

All in all, if we take into consideration the time and money factors, older people do have them in surplus and enjoy life on their own terms. Point is that ways of enjoying life change as the age progresses and people in old ages have clearly an edge.

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TOEFL – WQ1 (6)

The lecturer clearly refutes all the three benefits mentioned in the reading.
According to the reading, when a professor appears on television he gains reputation among a much wider audience than he has on campus. However, the lecturer denies this and states that, on contrary, the professors tend to get a negative reputation amongst their peers. They are considered insincere towards their research. They are regarded as entertainers instead of researchers. Sometimes professors are not even called in conferences.
Reading also mentions that professors appearing on television also happens to benefit the universities by getting publicity which results in greater number of applications and donations. The lecturer, however, refutes it and states that professors tend to waste a lot of their time while travelling and getting ready for the shows. This time which they can use for doing research or communicating with their students gets wasted. This not only negatively impacts the students but also university at large.
The lecturer also refutes the point in the reading which mentions that viewers learn a lot from the television shows by getting in touch with a real expert. According to her, the television networks do not want an in-depth analysis of a topic. Instead, they just want to discuss a little about the topic heading. So is the case of the people, who would never like to listen to a research after their dinner.

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God’s Delusion quotes

Einstein: “To sense that behind anything that can be experienced there is a something that our mind cannot grasp and whose beauty and sublimity reaches us only indirectly and as a feeble reflection, this is religiousness. In this sense I am religious.”

Carl Sagan: “.. if by “God” one means the set of physical laws that govern the universe, then clearly there is such a God. This God is emotionally unsatisfying… it does not make much sense to pray to the law of gravity.”

Ralph Waldo Emerson: “The religion of one age is the literary entertainment of the next.”

Any creative intelligence, of sufficient complexity to design anything, comes into existence only as the end product of an extended process of gradual evolution. Creative intelligences, being  evolved, necessarily arrive late in the universe, and therefore cannot be responsible for designing it. God, in the sense defined, is a dellusion, and, as later chapters will show, a pernicious delusion.

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TOEFL – WQ 2 (5)

Many people contend that they can learn better by themselves than with a teacher. According to them, giving heed to the facts being told by a teacher that can be also be read from a book is sheer waste of time. However, I do not follow this. For me, being taught by a teacher saves me from falling into some obvious pitfalls, like misunderstanding some concepts and sometimes even help me understand some very difficult concepts easily.

Students tend to misinterpret some of the subtle nuances of the concepts. A teacher, through his years experience, knows where the students may go wrong while understanding a concept. Hence, the teachers caution students to remember that very nuance of the concept which they might misconstrue. This has helped me in past. For instance, once in my computer class we were being taught programming when our teacher introduced us with the “for” loop. The very first day he cautioned us to remember the syntactical representation of a for loop contains a semicolon (;) and not a comma (,). An obvious pitfall which many programmers fall for, even after years of experience. My teacher’s advice has always helped me to circumvent this one error which every individual who has studied programming on his own regularly does.

Second, many teachers have also helped me understand some very difficult concepts by representing structures using 3-D models or giving simple examples from daily life. For instance, when during one of my chemistry class it was quite difficult to understand the atomic structure of Carbon atom. Our chemistry teacher knew it would be difficult for students to understand the structure only by reading or viewing the diagram on 2-D plane. Hence, he brought with him a 3-d structure, representing Carbon atom, to help us understand it. I was lucky that the question to explain the Carbon atom’s structure appeared in examination and I scored high in that.

Moreover, sometimes authors also tend to write some lines in text books which requires more attention than what we would give if we are studying on our own. Teachers, who are highly qualified, ensure that we do not miss such subtle nuances of the chapters. For example, in one of my English classes we read Robert Forst’s famous poem “And miles to go before I sleep”. The line at the end of the poem was repeated. When we were asked to read the poem we simply read the line two times. However, our teacher explained that the author deliberately wrote it two times and the repetition of lines mean something deeper.

Hence, personally I need a teacher to assist me in studies.

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TOEFL – WQ2 (4)

Parents influence the upbringing of their child greatly. Not only they help their child financially by helping them complete their studies but also take decisions on behalf of the child which directly affects his future. This is quite apt from the part pf parents but only till certain age. As soon as the child crosses the adolescent age and steps into adulthood, or to be precise when he applies to go for higher studies, the parents should allow him his independence.

Sooner the adults learn that parents are not there forever better it is for their future. An early independence, hence, will allow the young adults to earn for themselves and not depend on their parents for any of their needs. Consequently, they will learn habits like saving and planning for the future. However, late independence will ensure complete financial dependence on parents. The situation might get worse on an unfortuante demise of parents which will push the child to immediately take decisions for which he lacks expereience

An early independence would also ensure that young adults take decisions on their own. Bad decisions leading them to failure will increase their experience. The experience to handle unfavouable conditions, undoubtedly, helps a person grow and attain success in his life. However, if adults remain in the protective shield of their parents, they are unlikely to take decisions of which parents are not a part. Parents will ensure that the decisions being take by their child will not lead him to failure, consequently, denying him the experience he deserves.

Early indepenence allows young adults to live life on their own and live the way they would like. Parents often influence the way their child live. However, they neglect every individual lives in his own way. For example, an adolescent might wish to have a collection of watches because he loves it. However, the parents refuse him to get one because they consider it a waste of money. If the child, once he grows into an adult, is given independence he can go on to get a collection of watch from his own money and lead a life in his own terms.

All in all, early independence will ensure an early learning for young adults which will help them in their future endeavours.

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TOEFL – WQ1 (3)

The reading explains about altruism. Altruism is opposite of selfishness and refers to the act of an animal putting others interest before itself. In support of the topic, reading presents before us examples of altruism practiced by human beings and Meerkat, mammals living in African grasslands. The professor in the lecture, however, opposes the examples presented in the reading.

First, accroding to the passage, human beings donate organs to family members, and in some cases even to strangers. This unselfish act shows human beings practicing altruism. According to the passage, the people who have donated organs do not get much in return. This is opposed by the lecturer. According to her, they do receive appreciation and gain self worth. Consequently, human act of donation of organs cannot be regarded as an act of atruism because there is a reward associated to it.

Second, the reading presents an example of mammals named Meerkat. According to the passage, one of the Meerkat stands ground as a sentinel while the others hunt for food. The sentinel does not eat but ensures others eat in safety by alrming them if a predator approaches. While the other Meerkats run to safety, the sentinel ensures not to leave the ground unless all others are safe. Hence, this act of putting one’s life before others appears as an act of altruism. The professor in the lecture, however, refutes the details mentioned in the passage. She presents a study conducted which clearly states that the Meerkat working as sentinal eats before the others go for hunting and eating. Also, the sentinel stands ground near a burrow, hence, the sentinel is most likely to run to the safety first. According to her the study also revealed that once the sentinel raises the alarm, the other Meerkats either start running in groups or start to disperse. This attracts the predator more towards the hunting Meerkat instead of the sentinel. Hence, according to the lecturer Meerkat is also not a perfect example of animals practising Altruism.

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TOEFL – WQ2 (2)

<<Good qualities of parents>>

If anyone asks me what is the best gift God has presented me, my answer will be my parents. Parents, with the care they provide, define the future of their child. Children without parents either have to search for guardians or endeavour themselves to shape their future and become able citizens. Hence, good parents is a gift everyone long for. However, not all parents have that quality of being good. Children under the guidance of parents who are not at all caring or good in behaviour end up growing up as a bad citizen. It is not difficult to figure out some good qualities a parent has which helps in good upbringing of her child.

First, the parent must be caring. Taking care of the child not only helps in making the child a good citizen who helps the nation to move forward in every possible way but also helps to make the child a good parent when he grows up. For example, there may be a child whose parents berate him on every mistake he does instead to conveying what is the right thing to do. Such child grow up to learn that whenever someone does a wrong deed he should be catigated instead of being given a suggestion. This obviously doesn’t work within the society which needs mistakes to be solved and never repeated.

Second, the parents should also have peace amongst themselves. There are families where parents usually have a fight amongst themselves over petty issues. This negatively effects the psyche of their children. The children of the families where love prevails and there is usually peace all around, learn to disseminate love. This positively effects others and society at large. For example, a child who watches his parents fight over all petty issues grow to learn that those issues are actually quite big. When these children go to college they involve themselves in melee and make the environment unfriendly. This negatively effects the environment of whole college.

Third, the parents should practice self-abnagation. There may be times when a family face financial issues. During that time a parent should ensure that needs of the child should be prioritized over his own interests. The parent must ensure that his child gets education no matter what the financial condition is. For example, if the financial condition is so poor that he cannot admit the child in private schools, he should probably look for free education provided by the government. If there is not enough money with the family and it can only be spent either to buy children books to study or buy parent a new watch, the parent should prioritize the child’s need.

All in all, a good parent is the one who takes care of his child in all possible ways and helps him grow as a good citizen who not only helps nation grow but also become good parent and impart same principles which he was taught.

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